Equine Assisted therapy is an approach in which the interaction between horse and human is utilized to meet treatment goals in an experiential therapy.  Activities can include Equine Facilitated Learning and Equine Facilitated psychotherapy. These terms are further defined below, by the Equine Facilitated Mental Health Association, a division of the North American Riding for the Handicapped Association.

EFL (equine facilitated learning)
 is an educational approach that includes equine facilitated activities incorporating the experience of equine/human interaction in an environment of learning or self discovery. EFL encourages personal explorations of feelings and behaviors to help promote human growth and development.

EFP (equine facilitated psychotherapy) is experiential psychotherapy that involves equines. It may include, but is not limited to, such mutually respectful equine activities as handling, grooming, longeing, riding, driving, and vaulting. EFP is facilitated by a licensed, credentialed mental health professional working with an appropriately credentialed equine professional. EFP may also be facilitated by a mental health professional who is also credentialed as an equine professional.